Product names registered as PDO are those that have the strongest links to the place in which they are made, since:
Le Indicazioni Geografiche protette (IGP) identificano prodotti originari di un determinato territorio e legati – anche se in modo meno intenso – a tale origine geografica, essendo sufficiente:
Geographical Protected Indication (GPI) emphasizes the relationship between the specific geographic region and the name of the product, even though less strong than PDO, where:
Traditional Speciality Guaranteed (TSG) highlights the traditional aspects such as the way the product is made or its composition, without being linked to a specific geographical area. The name of a product being registered as a TSG protects it against falsification and misuse.
According to Regulation (EU) No. 1151/2012, the use of registered names such as PDO, GPI and TSG is only for products complying with production regulations under a strict control system.
For all other products, the use of the registered name as well as any imitation or evocation, and any other misleading indication is not allowed.
The rules provided for in Regulation (EU) No. 1151/2012 shall apply without affecting existing EU regulations, as listed below: